This event took place after World War II where 23 Nazis were put on trial. The Nazis were the major leaders of the party whose incorporation on the acts was from their choice. Four counts were tried for on these leaders; war crimes, conspiracy, crimes against humanity and membership in a criminal organization. The crimes committed by the Nazis were directed at people of Jewish faith and Russians. The count that was mainly counted was crime against humanity; victims of the experiments were the mentally retarded, people with physical handicaps and the mentally ill. Sixteen of the 23 put on trial were found guilty and seven out of sixteen convicted were sentenced to execution.
Use of humans as a research subjects has brought concern into the scientific community. This has led to factors that regulate such research studies among them being undue enducement, limiting coercion and vulnerability of the population of the subjects in the study. To overcome these issues, many guidelines have been implemented to ensure safety of the research subjects. Vulnerable groups of people have been offered special services and protection within healthcare. The CIOMS international Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research considers ‘vulnerable persons’ as people who cannot protect their own interests. This could be caused by intelligence, education insufficient power among others. These guidelines protect the rights and welfare of any vulnerable persons by demanding justifications for involving such persons in research.
It is important for individuals in healthcare and the researchers to make sure that resources are properly allocated to guarantee special protections and benefits are given to those who required it. Vulnerability has brought an argument in its value as a factor in the distribution of resources and the importance in principle of bioethics.
Ethical considerations have become so important in scientific research for many years. It has brought a clear understanding of the needs in the society. It has resulted to clear definition of the vulnerable persons thus promoting equal distribution of resources. It has also promoted humanity among the individuals which contributes to peace and unity in a nation.
Nuremberg trial has made it evident for the need of code of ethics in considering the protection of human research subjects. People should not only look at the favors without considering all people should be treated equally. Generally it can be concluded that ethical consideration has brought hope in meeting ones expectations and being committed in operating responsibly and sustainably
Patel, H., Arya, M., & Shergill, I. S. (2007). Basic science techniques in clinical practice. London: Springer.